Two Stroke Gasoline Engine


Two Stroke Gasoline Engine

In the past, several imported vehicles have used 2-stroke engines. As the name implies, this engine requires only two strokes of the piston to complete all four operations: intake, compression, power and exhaust.

1. Movement of the piston from BDC to TDC completes both intake and compression.

2. When the piston nears TDC, the compressed air/fuel mixture is ignited, causing an expansion of the gases. Note that the reed valve is closed and the piston is blocking the intake port.

3. Expanding gases in the cylinder force the piston down, rotating the crankshaft.

4. With the piston at BDC, the intake and exhaust ports are both open, allowing exhaust fases to leave the cylinder and air/fuel mixture to enter.

Facts about 2-Stroke Engine

Although the 2-stroke-cycle engine is simple in design and lightweight because it lacks a valve train, it has not been widely used in automobiles. They tend to be less fuel efficient and have dirtier exhaust than 4-stroke engines. Oil is often in the exhaust stream because these engines require constant oil delivery to the cylinders to keep the piston lubricated. Some of these engines require a certain amount of oil to be mixed with the fuel.

In recent years, however, thanks to a revolutionary pneumatic fuel injection system, there has been increased interest in the 2-stroke engine. The injection system, which works something like a spray paint gun, uses compressed air to flow highly atomized fuel directly into the top of the combustion chamber. The system becomes the long sought0sfter answer to the fuel economy and emissions problems of the conventional 2-stroke engine. This fuel injection system is the basis for orbital 2-stroke direct injection piston engine, which may be used in cars in the future.

A small 2-stroke engine can deliver as much horsepower, with less fuel, as a larger displacement 4-stroke engine because in a 2-stroke engine, combustion occurs every crankshaft revolution rather than every other revolution. This fact explains why the orbital engines has gained promise for the future. The improvement in fuel economy the orbital engine has achieved is due in part to a number of mechanical design features in addition to its pneumatic direct injection fuel system.

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